Bulls drop their antlers by January, and pregnant cows and calves retain theirs until spring.
Normally, pregnant cows retain their antlers a week or so after calving for advantage over food resources.
However, the perennial bit of Christmas humor quoted above offers physiological evidence — specifically, the presence of antlers — demonstrating that Santa’s reindeer are actually all female, a suggestion borne out by the University of Alaska Fairbanks’ Reindeer FAQ, which notes that only female reindeer retain their antlers much past the beginning of winter: Reindeer and caribou are the only deer (Cervidae) where males, females, and calves produce antlers.
If you've ever done a photo search for "sexy Santa" (hey, no one's judging), then you've probably gotten some cheesy, ridiculous results.
The monarch paid tribute to the British athletes who took part in the Olympic games in Brazil and the staff at the air ambulance base in Cambridge where her grandson Prince William works as a helicopter pilot.
Queen Elizabeth also noted that her husband's Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme and son Prince Charles' Prince's Trust — both charitable organisations that support young people — had reached significant milestones this year at 60 and 40 years respectively.
‘We used to have conversations around the dinner table — nowadays, does anyone even have a dining room?
‘And I’m not just talking about the sort of conversations we have at drinks parties; I’m talking about the sort of conversations that used to ease our path through daily life — the chat with the man who sells us our newspaper; the exchange with the pensioner at the Post Office — the little chats that used to make the world seem a little bit friendlier.’‘A good conversation exercises your mind and heart, it helps you understand other people, to have a holiday away from yourself.